Liatris Seeds - Spiked Gayfeather
- Seed Count: 500 seeds
- Maturity Date: Approximately 70-100 days from planting to flower
- Plant Type: Perennial
- Origin: Native to North America, particularly the Midwest and Eastern regions
- Height: 2-4 feet
- Flower Color: Purple to pinkish-mauve
- Light Requirement: Full sun to light shade
- Soil Preference: Well-drained, moderately fertile soil
History: Liatris, commonly known as Spiked Gayfeather or Blazing Star, is a genus of flowering plants native to North America, specifically the Midwest and Eastern regions. The plant has been admired for its striking flower spikes and has played a role in native cultures as well as modern gardens. Native Americans have used the roots of Liatris for medicinal purposes, treating conditions like sore throats, gonorrhea, and snakebites. In the language of flowers, Liatris symbolizes joy, happiness, and optimism. Its unique shape and vivid coloration make it a popular choice for gardeners looking for a bold, vertical element in their garden designs.
Uses: The primary use for Liatris is as an ornamental plant, particularly in flower beds, borders, and wildflower gardens. Its tall spikes of densely-packed, feathery flowers make it a standout in any garden. Because it's a native plant, it is well-adapted to local growing conditions and serves as an excellent plant for xeriscaping. Liatris is highly attractive to pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and even hummingbirds, making it useful for those looking to enhance the biodiversity of their garden. The dried flower spikes are also used in floral arrangements, adding both color and architectural interest. Beyond its ornamental use, the roots of some species are used medicinally.
Growth Habit & Planting Instructions: Liatris seeds can take between 70 to 100 days to mature and produce their distinctive spikes of purple to pinkish-mauve flowers. The plants grow as perennials, reaching heights of 2-4 feet under optimal conditions. To plant Liatris seeds, choose a location that receives full sun to light shade and has well-drained, moderately fertile soil. Sow the seeds in the spring or fall, spacing them about 12 to 18 inches apart. You can either sow the seeds directly on the surface of the soil or lightly cover them with a quarter-inch of soil. Water regularly until the plants are well-established, then reduce watering. Once the plants are mature, they are relatively drought-tolerant. Applying a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring can boost growth and flowering. No extensive pruning is required, but deadheading spent blooms can help prolong the flowering period.